Prevention and Treatment of Gum Disease

Jun 29, 2013 @ 12:06 PM — by Lauren Shanard

Prevention and Treatment of Gum DiseaseWhen it comes to dental health, many people think about the look and structure of their teeth. Yes, the teeth are important for having a healthy and beautiful smile. Yet there's another part of the mouth that's just as important for a great smile: the gums. By having healthy gums, patients will be able to smile with confidence.

The team at our restorative cosmetic dentistry center would like to take a few moments right now to go over the basics of gum disease, how it can be treated, and what you can do to prevent it from occurring.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease refers to a bacterial infection of the gums which is caused by the natural oral bacteria that is found in the mouth. This is the same bacteria that causes tooth decay to occur.

Types of Gum Disease

There are three different kinds of gum disease.

  • Gingivitis - The earliest stage of gum disease, gingivitis involves the following symptoms: bleeding gums, discolored gums, bad breath, swollen gums, sore gums, gum recession.
  • Periodontitis - Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease and involves the following symptoms: worsening of gingivitis symptoms, loose/wiggly teeth, tooth misalignment, tooth decay under the gumline.
  • Advanced Periodontitis - Advanced periodontitis is the most severe stage of gum disease and involves the following symptoms: worsening of periodontitis symptoms, tooth loss, infection of the jawbone.

Ideally, patients should visit our dental care practice as soon as they notice the above symptoms. This will allow us to treat gum disease at its earliest stages, which is easier than treating advanced gum disease.

Prevention of Gum Disease

The best way to deal with gum disease is to practice good dental hygiene. This means brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing every night, and visiting your dentist twice a year for regular checkups. Ideally, you'll want to brush and floss after every meal, which is a great way to prevent tooth decay as well.

Treating the Gum Disease Itself

One of the first goals of any restorative dentistry treatment to address gum disease is to get the infection under control. For early stages of gum disease, this commonly means the use of antiseptic or antibacterial rinses. Antibiotics in combination with special rinses can be used to treat more advanced stages of gum disease.

Addressing the Damage Caused by Gum Disease

Another major component of treating gum disease will involve addressing the damage to hard and soft tissues. If a patient has experienced gum recession, that means gum grafting procedures will be performed in order to rebuild the missing gum tissue. Various dental restorations will be used to treat tooth decay below the gumline. In cases of tooth loss following gum disease, dental bridges and dentures may be considered, as well as implant dentistry.

Schedule a Consultation for Advanced Dental Care

To learn more about proper dental hygiene and how you can have a smile that looks great and is healthy as well, be sure to contact our Williston cosmetic and restorative dentistry center today. The entire team here looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you achieve the best possible dental health in the process.

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